Immigration, Integration and the Labour Market: Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands

39 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2007

See all articles by Rob Euwals

Rob Euwals

CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Research; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Jaco Dagevos

Social and Cultural Planning Office

Mérove Gijsberts

Social and Cultural Planning Office

Hans Roodenburg

CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis

Date Written: March 2007

Abstract

On the basis of three micro datasets, the German Socio-Economic Panel 2002, the Dutch Social Position and Use of Provision Survey 2002 and the Dutch Labour Force Survey 2002, we investigate the labour market position of Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands. We compare labour market outcomes of Turkish immigrants, including both the first and second generation, and natives in both countries by using the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition method. We find that Turkish immigrants have lower employment rates, lower tenured job rates and lower job prestige scores than natives. In both countries, the lower level of education and the age composition of the Turkish immigrants partly explains the unfavourable labour market position. The standardized gap - the gap that remains after correction for the observed individual characteristics - in the employment and tenured job rate remains large for the Netherlands, while the standardized gap in the job prestige score remains large for Germany. Differences in past immigration policies between Germany and the Netherlands are likely to be important for explaining the labour market position of Turkish men in both countries.

Keywords: immigration, integration, labour market

JEL Classification: C25, F22, J15, J61

Suggested Citation

Euwals, Rob and Dagevos, Jaco and Gijsberts, Mérove and Roodenburg, Hans, Immigration, Integration and the Labour Market: Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands (March 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2677, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=978762 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.978762

Rob Euwals (Contact Author)

CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Research ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Jaco Dagevos

Social and Cultural Planning Office ( email )

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Mérove Gijsberts

Social and Cultural Planning Office ( email )

PO Box 16164
2500 BD The Hague
Netherlands

Hans Roodenburg

CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis ( email )

P.O. Box 80510
2508 GM The Hague, 2585 JR
Netherlands

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