Class Origin, Family Culture, and Intergenerational Correlation of Education in Rural China

42 Pages Posted: 22 Mar 2007

See all articles by Hiroshi Sato

Hiroshi Sato

Hitotsubashi University

Li Shi

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) - Institute of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: February 2007

Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of intergenerational correlation of education in rural China by using a data from a large survey of households. Three generations who completed education during the period from pre-1949 to the beginning of the 2000s are included. The focus is on the influence of family class status (chengfen) on offspring education. Our investigation suggests that family class status is still important for the intergenerational transmission of education. The offspring of landlord/rich peasant families are more likely to achieve higher educational attainment, even though parental education, family wealth, and other family characteristics are the same. The unique determinant of the intergenerational transmission of education in the postreform era is found to be an education-oriented family culture, created as an intergenerational cultural rebound against class-based social discrimination during the Maoist era. We have also found that the cultural reaction is a combination of class-specific effects with cohort-specific effects.

Keywords: education, intergenerational correlation, social class, social discrimination, family culture

JEL Classification: D31, J24, N35, O15

Suggested Citation

Sato, Hiroshi and Shi, Li, Class Origin, Family Culture, and Intergenerational Correlation of Education in Rural China (February 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2642, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=970242

Hiroshi Sato (Contact Author)

Hitotsubashi University ( email )

Naka 2-1
Kunitachi, Tokyo 186-8601
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.hit-u.ac.jp/~satohrs/

Li Shi

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) - Institute of Economics ( email )

2 Yuetan Beixiaojie
Beijing
+86 1 068032473 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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