On the Determinants of Mortality Reductions in the Developing World

54 Pages Posted: 20 Jan 2007 Last revised: 29 Jan 2021

See all articles by Rodrigo R. Soares

Rodrigo R. Soares

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA); Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) - Sao Paulo School of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: January 2007

Abstract

This paper presents and critically discusses a vast array of evidence on the determinants of mortality reductions in developing countries. We argue that increases in life expectancy between 1960 and 2000 were largely independent from improvements in income and nutrition. We then characterize the age and cause of death profile of changes in mortality and ask what can be learned about the determinants of these changes from the international evidence and from country-specific studies. Public health infrastructure, immunization, targeted programs, and the spread of less palpable forms of knowledge all seem to have been important factors. Much of the recent debate has revolved around antagonistic approaches, which are not supported by the evidence discussed here. Finally, the paper suggests that the evolution of health inequality across and within countries is intrinsically related to the process of diffusion of new technologies and to the nature of these new technologies (public or private).

Suggested Citation

Soares, Rodrigo R., On the Determinants of Mortality Reductions in the Developing World (January 2007). NBER Working Paper No. w12837, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=958489

Rodrigo R. Soares (Contact Author)

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