Violence in European Schools: Victimization and Consequences

40 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2007 Last revised: 26 Aug 2008

See all articles by Andreas Ammermueller

Andreas Ammermueller

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs

Date Written: 2007

Abstract

Violence at schools is a well-known problem in many societies. This paper assesses the degree of school violence in 11 European countries and analyzes the determinants of being a victim and its effect on student performance. The study draws on the international TIMSS 2003 and the British longitudinal NCDS data. The level of school violence is high in most countries but seems not to increase over time. Besides gender, social and migration background and the appearance of students determine being bullied, hurt or stolen from by fellow students. Being a victim has a small but significantly negative impact on contemporary and later student performance and the level of educational attainment and thereby affects earnings. It is hence an important peer effect that should not be omitted in the estimation of educational production functions.

Keywords: School violence, bullying, human capital, TIMSS, NCDS

JEL Classification: I21, J24, Z13

Suggested Citation

Ammermueller, Andreas, Violence in European Schools: Victimization and Consequences (2007). ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 07-004, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=958001 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.958001

Andreas Ammermueller (Contact Author)

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs ( email )

Berlin, 11017
Germany

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