Distributional Effects of the High School Degree in Germany

24 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2007

See all articles by Johannes Gernandt

Johannes Gernandt

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW)

Michael F. Maier

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW)

Friedhelm Pfeiffer

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW); University of Mannheim - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: 2006

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of a high school degree on the wage distribution in the period from 1984 to 2004 in Germany. In that period the share of male workers with a high school degree increased from 16 to 25 percent. An econometric evaluation estimator is used to analyze quantile treatment effects for the whole population of male workers and for the subpopulation of workers with a high school degree. It turns out that the impact of a high school degree on the wage distribution for all workers is positive, whereas its impact on the wage distribution of the workers with a high school degree does statistically not differ from zero. This suggests that the selection of students into grammer schools might have been too restrictive. For more workers higher education would have raised their productivity and wages.

Keywords: Economic returns to secondary education, econometric evaluation, quantile treatment effects, educational expansion

JEL Classification: C14, C21, J31

Suggested Citation

Gernandt, Johannes and Maier, Michael F. and Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, Distributional Effects of the High School Degree in Germany (2006). ZEW - Center for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 06-088, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=955772 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.955772

Johannes Gernandt (Contact Author)

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1 D-68161 Mannheim
Germany

Michael F. Maier

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1 D-68161 Mannheim
Germany

Friedhelm Pfeiffer

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

D-68161 Mannheim
Germany
++49 (0)621/1235-150 (Phone)
++49 (0)621/1235-225 (Fax)

University of Mannheim - Department of Economics

D-68131 Mannheim
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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