The Impact of Earnings on the Pricing of Credit Default Swaps
37 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2006
Date Written: February 15, 2007
This study evaluates the impact of earnings on firm credit risk as captured by Credit Default Swaps (CDS). We find that earnings (changes) are negatively correlated with one-year swap premia (changes) after controlling for equity returns but not with longer term premia (changes). We also find that earnings surprises are significantly correlated with one-year CDS premia changes in the short window surrounding preliminary earnings dates and that absolute earnings surprises are significantly correlated with absolute one-year CDS premia changes in the short window surrounding SEC filing dates. These results suggest that high earnings convey favorable information about the short-term default risk of firms but not about the long term default risk. We further document that accruals/cash flow information conveyed by SEC filings provides information about long-term credit risk. Furthermore, the empirical results are consistent with structural and hybrid model-driven implications of CDS pricing.
Keywords: Credit Default Swaps, credit risk, earnings
JEL Classification: M41, M43, G12, G14, G38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation