Villages Where China's Ethnic Minorities Live

41 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2006

See all articles by Björn Gustafsson

Björn Gustafsson

University of Gothenburg - Department of Social Work; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Ding Sai

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)

Date Written: November 2006

Abstract

This paper investigates how ethnic minorities in rural China are faring compared with the ethnic majority. The village is the unit of analysis and large surveys for 2002 are used. Minority villages in northeast China are found to have a somewhat better economic situation than the average majority village, but minority villages in the southwest are clearly faring worse. Industrialisation, inputs in agricultural production, stock of human capital of the labour force, wage level on the local labour market as well as indicators of path dependency are all found to affect the economic situation of a village. Location is the single most important circumstance working against a favourable economic situation for minority villages in the north- and particularly the southwest. Low village income results in long-distance migration for many ethnic minorities, but for some minorities their ethnicity hinders migration.

Keywords: China, ethnic minorities, income, wealth, migration

JEL Classification: J15, O12, P32

Suggested Citation

Gustafsson, Bjorn and Sai, Ding, Villages Where China's Ethnic Minorities Live (November 2006). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2418, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=947066

Bjorn Gustafsson (Contact Author)

University of Gothenburg - Department of Social Work ( email )

Göteborg
Sweden
+46 31-773-1890 (Phone)
+45 31-773-1888 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Ding Sai

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) ( email )

Beijing, 100732
China

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