Gender-Role Stereotypes in Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Intentions

Posted: 25 Sep 2006

See all articles by Vishal K. Gupta

Vishal K. Gupta

University of Alabama - Department of Management

Date Written: July 30, 2006

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of gender stereotypes with men and women's intentions to become an entrepreneur. Data on characteristics of males, females, and entrepreneurs were collected from young adults in 3 countries: US, Turkey and India. Results revealed that entrepreneurs are perceived to have predominantly male characteristics. Furthermore, although both men and women perceive entrepreneurs to have characteristics similar to those of males, only women also perceived entrepreneurs and females as having similar characteristics. Respondents who perceived themselves as more similar to males had higher entrepreneurial intentions than those who saw themselves as less similar to males. No such difference was found for people who saw themselves as more or less similar to females. The results were consistent across the 3 national cultures. Practical implications and directions for future research are discussed.

Keywords: entrepreneurship, occupational stereotypes, gender-role stereotypes, entrepreneurial intentions; cross-cultural

JEL Classification: M13

Suggested Citation

Gupta, Vishal K., Gender-Role Stereotypes in Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Intentions (July 30, 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=932447

Vishal K. Gupta (Contact Author)

University of Alabama - Department of Management ( email )

101 Paul W. Bryant Dr.
Box 870382
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487
United States

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