Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers: Evidence from a Matched Employer-Employee Data Set
29 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2006
Date Written: September 2006
This paper examines the long-term earnings losses of displaced workers in Portugal, using a nationally representative longitudinal linked employer-employee data set. The results show that four years after displacement the earnings of displaced workers remain around 9% (women) to 12% (men) below their counterfactual expected levels. The post-displacement earnings losses are mainly associated with the loss of tenure within the firm and, to a lesser extent, to the loss of sector-specific features. Furthermore, workers who experienced a spell of nonemployment are the most affected by job displacement. Finally, this study points to the importance of controlling for employers' characteristics in this type of wages-dynamic analysis, since there are systematic differences in earnings between displaced and nondisplaced workers that stem from differences in firm characteristics. Ignoring them may confound the evaluation of the earnings losses.
Keywords: displacement, earnings losses, firm-specific human capital
JEL Classification: J31, J63, J65
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation