Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices

36 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Hiau Looi Kee

Hiau Looi Kee

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Marcelo Olarreaga

University of Geneva; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Alessandro Nicita

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 1, 2006

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to provide indicators of trade restrictiveness that include both measures of tariff and nontariff barriers for 91 developing and industrial countries. For each country, the authors estimate three trade restrictiveness indices. The first one summarizes the degree of trade distortions that each country imposes on itself through its own trade policies. The second one focuses on the trade distortions imposed by each country on its import bundle. The last index focuses on market access and summarizes the trade distortions imposed by the rest of the world on each country`s export bundle. All indices are estimated for the broad aggregates of manufacturing and agriculture products. Results suggest that poor countries (and those with the highest poverty headcount) tend to be more restrictive, but they also face the highest trade barriers on their export bundle. This is partly explained by the fact that agriculture protection is generally larger than manufacturing protection. Nontariff barriers contribute more than 70 percent on average to world protection, underlying their importance for any study on trade protection.

Keywords: Free Trade, Economic Theory & Research, Trade Policy, Consumption, Markets and Market Access

Suggested Citation

Kee, Hiau Looi and Olarreaga, Marcelo and Nicita, Alessandro, Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices (February 1, 2006). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3840, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=922966

Hiau Looi Kee (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

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Marcelo Olarreaga

University of Geneva ( email )

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Genève, CH - 1205
Switzerland

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Alessandro Nicita

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-4066 (Phone)
202-522-1159 (Fax)

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