Distributional Effects of Oil Price Changes on Household Expenditures: Evidence from Mali
33 Pages Posted: 17 May 2006
Date Written: March 2006
Using an input-output approach, this paper assesses the distributional effects of a rise in various petroleum product prices in Mali. The results show that, although rising gasoline and diesel prices affect mainly nonpoor households, rising kerosene prices are most harmful to the poor. Overall, the impact of fuel prices on household budgets displays a U-shaped relationship with expenditure per capita. Regardless of the oil product considered, high-income households would benefit disproportionately from oil price subsidies. This suggests that a petroleum price subsidy is an ineffective mechanism for protecting the income of poor households compared with a targeted subsidy.
Keywords: Oil, subsidies, input-output analysis, household welfare
JEL Classification: H2, D57, R2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
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By Einar Hope