The Nature of Occupational Unemployment Rates in the United States: Hysteresis or Structural?
27 Pages Posted: 6 May 2006
Date Written: December 22, 2005
This paper provides new evidence on the nature of occupational differences in unemployment dynamics which is relevent for the debate between the structural or hysteresis hypotheses. We develop a new statistical framework that tests for the presence of a structural break at unknown date. Our approach allows the investigation of a broader range of persistence than the 0/1 paradigm about the order of integration, usually implemented for testing the hypothesis of hysteresis in occupational unemployment series, would allow. In almost all occupations, we find support for both the structuralist and the hysteresis hypotheses, but stress the importance of estimating the degree of persistence of seasonal shocks together with the degree of long-run persistence on raw data without applying seasonal filters. Indeed hysteresis appears to be underestimated when data are initially adjusted using traditional seasonal filters.
Keywords: Occupational Unemployment, Structuralist, Hysteresis, Structural Break
JEL Classification: E24, C22, J62
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation