Price Setting Behaviour: Micro Evidence on Slovakia

43 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2006

See all articles by Fabrizio Coricelli

Fabrizio Coricelli

University of Siena - Department of Political and International Sciences ; Paris School of Economics (PSE); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Roman Horvath

Charles University in Prague; IOS Regensburg; Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion (GREDEG); University of Saint Etienne - Analysis Group and Economic Theory Lyon St-Etienne (GATE-LSE)

Date Written: January 2006

Abstract

The paper provides an empirical analysis of price setting behaviour in Slovakia, using large micro-level dataset covering about 57% of Slovak CPI for the period 1997-2001. The novelty of the paper is the analysis of a country characterized by nearly double-digit inflation and undergoing massive changes in market structure during the process of transition and accession to the EU. Several empirical findings stand out. Similarly to results on advanced market economies, we find that price changes are infrequent and sizeable. Moreover, the relationship between frequency and size of price changes is highly non-linear. Product-specific inflation is typically highly persistent. We find that market structure is an important determinant of pricing behaviour. The dispersion of prices is higher while persistence is lower in the non-tradable sectors, suggesting that higher competition in goods markets is not conducive to lower persistence. An important implication is that increasing market competition brought about by entry in the EU will not necessarily lead to lower persistence. By contrast, the increasing share of services in consumption will reduce persistence. Our results, together with the finding that the frequency of price changes depends negatively on the price dispersion and positively on the individual inflation, seems consistent with predictions of Calvo's staggered price model.

Keywords: Inflation, inflation persistence, price dispersion, price stickiness, staggered price models

JEL Classification: D40, E31

Suggested Citation

Coricelli, Fabrizio and Horvath, Roman, Price Setting Behaviour: Micro Evidence on Slovakia (January 2006). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5445, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=897925

Fabrizio Coricelli (Contact Author)

University of Siena - Department of Political and International Sciences ( email )

Via Mattioli, 10
Siena, 53100
Italy

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Roman Horvath

Charles University in Prague ( email )

Celetná 13
Praha 1, 116 36
Czech Republic

IOS Regensburg

Landshuter Str. 4
Regensburg, 93047
Germany

Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion (GREDEG)

250, rue Albert Einstein
Valbonne, 06560
France

University of Saint Etienne - Analysis Group and Economic Theory Lyon St-Etienne (GATE-LSE)

Lyon
France

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