Income Distribution and Social Expenditure in Brazil

33 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2006

See all articles by Benedict Clements

Benedict Clements

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - African Department

Date Written: September 1997

Abstract

This paper examines trends in income distribution in Brazil and the determinants of income inequality, including social expenditure. While recent data reveal reduced income inequality since the Real Plan of July 1994, the distribution of income is still among the most unequal in the world. Among the most important determinants of income inequality in Brazil is extreme disparity in educational attainment levels. Public expenditures on education, health, and social insurance have tended to exacerbate income inequality. A number of options for improving the equity and efficiency of Brazilian social expenditure merit further examination.

JEL Classification: D31, H5, O15

Suggested Citation

Clements, Benedict, Income Distribution and Social Expenditure in Brazil (September 1997). IMF Working Paper No. 97/120, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=882659

Benedict Clements (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - African Department ( email )

1700 19th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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