Using Empirical Information in the Era of Hiv/Aids to Inform Mitigation and Rural Development Strategies: Selected Results from African Country Studies

Posted: 21 Dec 2005 Last revised: 26 Oct 2012

See all articles by David Mather

David Mather

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

Cynthia Donovan

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

T S Jayne

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

Date Written: October 25, 2012

Abstract

It is widely believed that the HIV/AIDS epidemic will have substantial socioeconomic impacts in Sub-Saharan Africa, including on the agricultural sector. While the implications of the disease for research in the health fields are well established, there is a growing awareness that the spread of HIV/AIDS is influenced by economic and social conditions, and that the economic consequences of the disease can be influenced by policies and institutions that affect behavior. Using prime age (PA) adult mortality and morbidity to proxy for HIV/AIDS health impacts, this paper summarizes empirical results from a synthesis of a set of country studies undertaken by agricultural economists at Michigan State University and at partner institutions in five African countries, each of which is based upon large-scale rural household surveys. The survey findings, in contrast to the general assumption that HIV-related mortality is typically associated with household heads/spouses, a majority of deceased prime-age adults are not household heads or spouses. Ex post land/labor ratios and total income per capita of rural households directly affected by PA adult mortality are heterogeneous, such that interventions need to be designed to target those households most affected and not simply households with a PA adult death. Those interventions may best address all households in poverty.

Keywords: mortality, Mozambique, Kenya, Zambia

JEL Classification: C42, C81, O12, Q12

Suggested Citation

Mather, David and Donovan, Cynthia and Jayne, Thomas S, Using Empirical Information in the Era of Hiv/Aids to Inform Mitigation and Rural Development Strategies: Selected Results from African Country Studies (October 25, 2012). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 87, No. 5, pp. 1289-1297, November 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=856564 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8276.2005.00821.x

David Mather (Contact Author)

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

Cynthia Donovan

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

Thomas S Jayne

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States
517-355-0131 (Phone)
775-415-8964 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.aec.msu.edu/agecon/faculty/jayne.htm

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