The Impact of Environmental Regulations on the Industry Structure of Landfills

Posted: 8 Nov 2005

See all articles by Diane Hite

Diane Hite

Auburn University - Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology

Benjamin F. Blair

Mississippi State University - Department of Finance and Economics

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Abstract

Over the past 20 years, the environmental regulation of landfills has become increasingly restrictive, both at federal and state levels. We develop a theoretical framework to explain landfill operators' responses to regulatory actions, and then estimate an empirical model of changes in industry structure using a panel dataset of Ohio landfills. Because not all Ohio counties have landfill operations, we hypothesize that there is self selection in the siting of landfills which we account for with an appropriate econometric model. We find that environmental regulations had significant impact both on the location of landfill operations and concentration of the industry during the time period studied.

Keywords: Environmental Regulation, Environmental Economics, Industrial Organization, Landfills

JEL Classification: Q3, R1, D4, L5

Suggested Citation

Hite, Diane and Blair, Benjamin F., The Impact of Environmental Regulations on the Industry Structure of Landfills. Growth and Change, Vol. 36, No. 4, Fall 2005 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=825846

Diane Hite

Auburn University - Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology ( email )

Comer Hall
Auburn, AL 36849
United States
334-844-5655 (Phone)
334-844-5639 (Fax)

Benjamin F. Blair (Contact Author)

Mississippi State University - Department of Finance and Economics ( email )

McCool Hall, Room 321
P.O. Box 9580
Mississippi State, MS 39762
United States
662-325-1980 (Phone)
662-325-1977 (Fax)

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