Is Group Affiliation Profitable in Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Diversified Indian Business Groups
32 Pages Posted: 16 Dec 1996
Date Written: October 1996
Emerging markets like India have poorly functioning institutions, leading to severe agency and information problems. Business groups in these markets have the potential to offer benefits to member firms, but they also have potential to destroy value. We analyze the performance of affiliates of diversified Indian business groups relative to unaffiliated firms. We find that accounting and stock market measures of firm performance initially decline with group diversification and subsequently increase once group diversification exceeds a certain level. Stock market measures suggest that, unlike U.S. conglomerates' lines of business, and similar to the affiliates of U.S. LBO associations, affiliates of the most diversified business groups outperform unaffiliated firms.
JEL Classification: G30, L20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation