Solvable Local and Stochastic Volatility Models: Supersymmetric Methods in Option Pricing
21 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2005
Date Written: July 31, 2005
In this paper, we provide an extensive classification of one- and two-dimensional diffusion processes which admit an exact solution to the Kolmogorov (and hence Black-Scholes) equation (in terms of hypergeometric functions). By identifying the one-dimensional solvable processes with the class of integrable superpotentials introduced recently in supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we obtain new analytical solutions. In particular, by applying supersymmetric transformations on a known solvable diffusion process (such as the Natanzon process for which the solution is given by a hypergeometric function), we obtain a hierarchy of new solutions.
For two-dimensional processes, more precisely stochastic volatility models, the classification is achieved for a specific class called gauge-free models including the Heston model, the 3/2-model and the geometric Brownian model. We then present a new exact stochastic volatility model belonging to this class.
Keywords: Solvable diffusion process, supersymmetry, differential geometry
JEL Classification: C60
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