Bayesian Inference for Mixtures of Stable Distributions
Cahier du CEREMADE No. 0428
50 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2006
Date Written: 2004
In many different fields such as hydrology, telecommunications, physics of condensed matter and finance, the gaussian model results unsatisfactory and reveals difficulties in fitting data with skewness, heavy tails and multimodality. The use of stable distributions allows for modelling skewness and heavy tails but gives rise to inferential problems related to the estimation of the stable distributions' parameters. Some recent works have proposed characteristic function based estimation method and MCMC simulation based estimation techniques like the MCMC-EM method and the Gibbs sampling method in a full Bayesian approach. The aim of this work is to generalise the stable distribution framework by introducing a model that accounts also for multimodality. In particular we introduce a stable mixture model and a suitable reparametrisation of the mixture, which allow us to make inference on the mixture parameters. We use a full Bayesian approach and MCMC simulation techniques for the estimation of the posterior distribution. Finally we propose some applications of stable mixtures to financial data.
Keywords: Mixture model, Stable distributions, Bayesian inference, Gibbs sampling
JEL Classification: C11, C12, C13, C63
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