Health and Sanitation in Brazil (Saude E Saneamento No Brasil)

IPEA Discussion Paper No. 1081

24 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2005

See all articles by Mario Jorge Cardoso Mendonca

Mario Jorge Cardoso Mendonca

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) - Directory of Macroeconomic Policy & Studies (DIMAC)

Ronaldo Seroa da Motta

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)

Date Written: April 2005

Abstract

It was significant the reduction of child mortality rate associated with waterborne diseases in Brazil in the last two decades. Applying an epidemiological model we were able to identify that not only improvement in sanitation coverage as well as access to educational and health services were responsible for such rate pattern. Based on our econometric results we estimate how much each service expansion would cost to save one single life by reducing the analyzed mortality rate. Our results indicate that continuous access to education is by far the least cost alternative. However, prevention with sanitation services seems to match almost equivalent costs of the defensive expenditures on health services.

Note: Downloadable document is in Portuguese.

Keywords: Waterborne Deseases, Sanitation, Child Mortality, Panel Data, Fixed Effect, Schooling

JEL Classification: H4, I0, I1, Q2

Suggested Citation

Cardoso Mendonca, Mario Jorge and Seroa da Motta, Ronaldo, Health and Sanitation in Brazil (Saude E Saneamento No Brasil) (April 2005). IPEA Discussion Paper No. 1081, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=738424 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.738424

Mario Jorge Cardoso Mendonca (Contact Author)

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) - Directory of Macroeconomic Policy & Studies (DIMAC) ( email )

Av. Presidente Antonio Carlos 51
10 Andar Centro
Rio de Janeiro RJ 20020-010
Brazil

Ronaldo Seroa da Motta

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) ( email )

Av Borges de Medeiros 3709 ap 401
ap 401
Lagoa, 22470-001
Brazil
21997775494 (Phone)

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