The Price of Power: Valuing the Controlling Position of Owner-Managers in French IPO Firms
40 Pages Posted: 1 May 2005
Going public often creates an agency conflict between the owner-manager and minority shareholders. This problem is especially severe in countries with poor legal investor protection, such as France. We examine the controlling position of owner-managers in French IPO firms. We find that investors anticipate the increased agency conflict associated with a lock on control and lower firm value when the owner-manager is more powerful. Shareholder agreements in which the owner-manager agrees to share control with other pre-IPO owners enhance firm value. We also report that higher cash flow ownership by the owner-manager is positively related to firm value. Finally, we document that the large (non-pecuniary) private benefits of control in France may motivate owner-managers to retain control after the IPO.
Keywords: Ownership structure, initial public offerings (IPOs), going public
JEL Classification: G32, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation