'The Poor Pay Double': Relational Spaces of Energy Poverty in Post-Socialism
Posted: 27 Apr 2005
Date Written: April 2005
This paper aims to develop a relational geographical interpretation of energy poverty in the post-socialist states of Eastern and Central Europe, through a field-based study of inadequately-heated homes in the Macedonian cities of Stip and Skopje. I argue that energy poverty is produced by the relationships among three sets of contingencies: the socio-economic implications of energy reforms in post-socialism, the inadequate energy efficiency of the homes of energy-poor households, and the mismatch between housing needs and heating systems at the household level. As a result of such interdependencies, households may become imprisoned in particular types of socio-spatial arrangements that contribute to the emergence of poverty.
Keywords: energy poverty, flexibility, post-socialism, Macedonia
JEL Classification: P2, P21, P22, P26, Q48, R20, I31, I32, I38
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