Non-Farm Employment in Small-Scale Enterprises in Romania: Policy and Development Issues
50 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2005
Date Written: June 2001
The aim of this paper is to bring together information that the authors' have collected about micro-enterprises (MSMEs) in Romania and to examine their impact on the development of sustainable rural livelihoods. As these firms operate in fixed locations and are therefore more easily located and observed, most of the data presented s based on our survey of 74 firms in Brasov and Dolj counties of Romania. This data is complemented with information about unregistered gathering, hawking, and handicraft activities collected through our qualitative social development studies in the same counties. Both categories of information document the situation at a particular point in time and can provide insights into the functioning of enterprises, but not on the dynamics of change. There are however, some initial complications in understanding the operation of small non-farm firms. On the one hand, for many of those involved in rural non-farm enterprise activities, there is no difference between activities to meet their subsistence needs and producing for the market. Thus, they sell what is surplus to their needs or in response to the opportunity selling provides to generate additional cash income. On the other hand, many of the registered rural non-farm firms are commercially oriented and operate in a competitive market.
Keywords: Micro-enterprise, livelihoods, rural-non-farm, poverty, enterprise development
JEL Classification: O13, O18, O57, P20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation