Remittances and Their Effect on Emigration Intentions in Egypt, Morocco and Turkey

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. TI 2005-030/1

38 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2005

See all articles by Hendrik P. van Dalen

Hendrik P. van Dalen

Tilburg University, CentER; Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI)

George Groenewold

Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI)

Tineke Fokkema

Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI)

Date Written: March 14, 2005

Abstract

What determines remittances - altruism or enlightened self-interest - and do remittances trigger additional migration? These two questions are examined empirically in Egypt, Turkey and Morocco for households with family members living abroad. Results show, first, that one cannot clearly pinpoint altruistic or motives of self-interest since each country tells a different story and within a country both motives can be defended as driving forces behind remittance behaviour. A general conclusion based on a multi-country study is that the family ties and the net earnings potential of emigrants have stronger effects on receipt of remittances than net earnings potential of households in the country of origin. Second, the receipt of remittances has a positive effect on emigration intentions of household members living in the country of origin. Therefore, receipt of remittances may contribute to new flows of migration, in particular in the case of Morocco.

Keywords: remittances, migration, intentions, altruism, self-interest, networks

JEL Classification: D13, D85, F22, N37, O16

Suggested Citation

van Dalen, Hendrik P. and Groenewold, George and Fokkema, Tineke, Remittances and Their Effect on Emigration Intentions in Egypt, Morocco and Turkey (March 14, 2005). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. TI 2005-030/1, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=688321 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.688321

Hendrik P. Van Dalen (Contact Author)

Tilburg University, CentER ( email )

Tilburg University
P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, NL-5000 LE
Netherlands
+13 4668982 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.tilburguniversity.nl/webwijs/show/?uid=h.p.vandalen

Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) ( email )

P.O. Box 11650
NL-2502 AR The Hague
Netherlands
+70 356 5237 (Phone)
+70 364 7187 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.nidi.knaw.nl/en/staff/vandalen/

George Groenewold

Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) ( email )

P.O. Box 11650
NL-2502 AR The Hague
Netherlands

Tineke Fokkema

Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) ( email )

P.O. Box 11650
NL-2502 AR The Hague
Netherlands

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