Equilibrium Value and Size Premia
85 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2005 Last revised: 27 Feb 2020
Date Written: October 30, 2018
A general equilibrium production economy with heterogeneous firms and irreversible investment generates the value premium. Investment irreversibility prevents unprofitable value firms from optimally scaling down their capital stock. In contrast, profitable and fast growing - growth - firms can optimally use investment to provide consumption insurance. Value firms are riskier and have higher expected returns than growth firms, especially in bad times when consumption volatility is high. The value premium is larger for small stocks as small value firms are more severely affected by irreversibility. Firms’ investment and capital predict the cross-section of stock returns much like book-to-market and market equity both in the model and data. The model can replicate the failure of the unconditional CAPM. Multifactor models, including the Fama and French (1993) factor model, and to a lesser extent, conditional versions of the CAPM, outperform the unconditional CAPM.
Keywords: Asset Pricing, Production, Investment, General Equilibrium
JEL Classification: G12, D91, D92, D51, C68, D21, D24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation