Geographical Economics: A Survey

Giornale degli Economisti, Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 205-241, November 2004

38 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2005

See all articles by Massimo Del Gatto

Massimo Del Gatto

CRENOS - Centre for North South Economic Research; 'Gabriele d'Annunzio' University of Chieti-Pescara - Faculty of Economics

Abstract

The notion of 'polycentric city system' is currently receiving growing attention as a basic element of the 'European Spatial Policy'. From this perspective, both agglomeration and economic integration have to be reinterpreted on a wider geographical scale. This is of interest of the s.c. Geographical Economics. Focusing on both 'size' and 'number' (of clusters), this paper surveys the most recent contributions to the theoretical analysis of: i) determinants of concentration and dispersion; ii) market outcome efficiency. Key results are highlighted, related to model assumptions, and classified on the basis of the underlying hypothesis on external economies and market structure.

Keywords: Economic geography, agglomeration, cities, transport costs, spatial policy, trade, monopolistic competition, product variety, linkages

JEL Classification: F11, F12, L11, L13, R12, R13

Suggested Citation

Del Gatto, Massimo, Geographical Economics: A Survey. Giornale degli Economisti, Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 205-241, November 2004, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=678224

Massimo Del Gatto (Contact Author)

CRENOS - Centre for North South Economic Research ( email )

Cagliari
Italy

'Gabriele d'Annunzio' University of Chieti-Pescara - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Faculty of Economics - Department of Economics
Viale Pindaro, 42
Pescara, 65127
Italy

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