Gender Inequality and Trade

31 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2005

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2005


The paper empirically explores the international linkages between gender inequality and trade flows of a sample of 92 developed and developing countries. The focus is on comparative advantage in labour-intensive manufactured goods. The results indicate that gender wage inequality is positively associated with comparative advantage in labour-intensive goods, that is, countries with a larger gender wage gap have higher exports of these goods. Also, gender inequality in labour force activity rates and educational attainment rates are negatively linked with comparative advantage in labour-intensive commodities.

Keywords: Gender inequality, trade, comparative advantage

JEL Classification: F11, F16, J70, J80

Suggested Citation

Busse, Matthias and Spielmann, Christian, Gender Inequality and Trade (January 2005). Available at SSRN: or

Matthias Busse (Contact Author)

Ruhr-University Bochum ( email )

Faculty of Management and Economics, GC 3/145
D-44780 Bochum, DE 44780

Christian Spielmann


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