The Location Choice of Employment-Based Immigrants Among U.S. Metro Areas

34 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2005

See all articles by Darren M. Scott

Darren M. Scott

McMaster University - School of Geography and Geology

Paul A. Coomes

University of Louisville - College of Business - Department of Economics

Alexei I. Izyumov

University of Louisville - College of Business - Department of Economics

Abstract

This paper examines the initial location choice of legal employment-based immigrants to the United States using Immigration and Naturalization Service data on individual immigrants, as well as economic, demographic, and social data to characterize the 298 metropolitan areas we define as the universal choice set. Focusing on interactions between place characteristics and immigrant characteristics, we provide multinomial logit model estimates for the location choices of about 38,000 employment-based immigrants to the United States in 1995, focusing on the top 10 source countries. We find that, as groups, immigrants from nearly all countries are attracted to large cities with superior climates, and to cities with relatively well-educated adults and high wages. We also find evidence that employment-based immigrants tend to choose cities where there are relatively few immigrants of nationalities other than their own. However, when we introduce interaction terms to account for the sociodemographic characteristics of the individual immigrants, we find that the estimated effects of location destination factors can reverse as one takes account of the age, gender, marital status, and previous occupation of the immigrants.

Suggested Citation

Scott, Darren M. and Coomes, Paul A. and Izyumov, Alexei I., The Location Choice of Employment-Based Immigrants Among U.S. Metro Areas. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=654849

Darren M. Scott (Contact Author)

McMaster University - School of Geography and Geology ( email )

1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4
Canada

Paul A. Coomes

University of Louisville - College of Business - Department of Economics ( email )

Louisville, KY 40292
United States

Alexei I. Izyumov

University of Louisville - College of Business - Department of Economics ( email )

Louisville, KY 40292
United States

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