Current Changes in Education: A Global Perspective

21 Pages Posted: 5 Feb 2005

Date Written: January 24, 2005


Numerous changes have recently taken place in the domain of higher education. Most of these changes have led to intense debate between forces pushing them and those resisting them. In Pakistan too, there is currently a passionate and ongoing discussion between the Higher Education Commission, which is the main instrument for these reforms, and several academics who are challenging its agenda. In this paper we argue that these changes are best understood in a global perspective, especially in relation to the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), which aims to end all public subsidies for education. Through various reforms, the educational sector of Pakistan and many other countries is coming to be more closely integrated with a global market in education. Here we explain how and why this is happening, as well as what its consequences are.

Keywords: Education, Pakistan, GATS, Universities, Globalization

JEL Classification: I20, I21, I28, J61, N35

Suggested Citation

Ghazanfar, Munir, Current Changes in Education: A Global Perspective (January 24, 2005). Available at SSRN: or

Munir Ghazanfar (Contact Author)

Lahore School of Economics ( email )

D.H.A, Lahore Cantt
Lahore, Punjab 54792

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