Industry Aspects of Takeovers and Divestitures: Evidence from the UK
Posted: 24 Nov 2004
This paper examines takeover and divestiture activity at the industry level for the population of UK firms over the period 1986 to 2000. Consistent with US research, takeovers in the UK cluster both across industries and over time. The evidence for divestitures indicates clustering across industries only. The paper further investigates whether broad and specific industry shocks (e.g., growth, free cash flow, concentration, deregulation, foreign competition, technology, stock market performance) explain takeover and divestiture clustering at the industry level. The results suggest that broad shocks increase (decrease) the likelihood of takeovers (divestitures), although not significantly for takeovers. Specific industry shocks that increase the likelihood of takeover activity include low growth, the threat of foreign competition and high stock market performance. For divestitures, high industry concentration and deregulation increase activity. Little evidence is found for deregulation as a significant factor in explaining takeover activity.
Keywords: Corporate restructuring, Industry shocks, Deregulation, Technology, Panel data
JEL Classification: G34, G38, L1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation