Cross-Class Nuptiality Patterns in Traditional Korea: Statistical Analysis of the Tansong Household Registers for 1678
49 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2004
Date Written: October 14, 2003
This paper presents preliminary results of statistical analysis of the Tansong County household registers for 1678. We focus on identifying the social class of county residents and on identifying marriages. We use a multivariate LOGIT model to estimate probabilities of marriage, both within and outside of one's social class as functions of age. We find that almost all marriages are monogamous. We also find strong tendencies to marry within social class. Despite this there is significant intermarriage between social classes. This is primarily between commoners and non-resident slaves. Also males aristocrats, particularly older ones, marry commoners and slaves in significant numbers. Female aristocrats never marry outside their social class. We document significant differences in the marriage patterns for craftsmen, as opposed to other commoners; and for "true" aristocrats as opposed to marginal ones. We find strong influences of father and mother's status on marriage patterns, with higher status parents increasing the probability of marrying higher status spouses. Finally, we find evidence of strong village-level effects on marriage patterns which cannot be explained by the observed characteristics of the people living in those villages.
Keywords: Marriage, social class, Korea, Choson dynasty, statistical analysis
JEL Classification: J120, N350, N950
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