The Role of Human Resource Management in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions
International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 15, No. 8, pp. 1357-1372, December 2004
16 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2004
Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) have become the dominant mode of growth for firms seeking competitive advantage in an increasingly complex and global business economy. Although Human Resource Management (HRM) can play a value-adding role in the merger process, existing research and evidence does not clearly demonstrate how it can do so. This paper addresses the neglected human side of M&As by providing a strategic fit framework to assess the link between M&A strategy and HRM strategy. Because cross-border M&As are an order of magnitude more complex than domestic mergers, we examine contingencies in national contexts that influence outcomes in the merger process. We draw on recent empirical evidence to highlight HRM roles in terms of resources, processes, and values that reflect the influence of both strategic fit and national context in the integration stage of cross-border M&A.
Keywords: Human Resource Management; Mergers and Acquisitions, Corporate Governance, International Management, Varieties of Capitalism
JEL Classification: J5, M1, N2, P1, P5
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation