The Long and Short of it: Maternity Leave Coverage and Women's Labor Market Outcomes

33 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2004

See all articles by Masanori Hashimoto

Masanori Hashimoto

Ohio State University (OSU) - Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Richard Percy

Capital University - School of Management

Teresa Schoellner

Ohio State University

Bruce A. Weinberg

Ohio State University (OSU) - Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: July 2004

Abstract

We investigate the effects of maternity leave coverage on women's post-birth wages, job tenure, and labor market attachment. We pay particular attention to unobservable characteristics that are correlated with maternity leave coverage and that affect labor market outcomes. We use a control sample, as well as a range of control variables, to address unobserved heterogeneity. We find evidence of substantial selection based on unobserved heterogeneity. Maternity leave effects on the three outcomes are found to be small and short-lived. This finding is understandable given that most policies in the United States allow leaves for only 12 weeks at most.

Keywords: female labor market, wages, human capital, public policy, maternity leave

JEL Classification: J0, J1, J13, J16, J3, J38, J39

Suggested Citation

Hashimoto, Masanori and Percy, Richard and Schoellner, Teresa and Weinberg, Bruce A., The Long and Short of it: Maternity Leave Coverage and Women's Labor Market Outcomes (July 2004). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=569181

Masanori Hashimoto (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Economics ( email )

410 Arps Hall
1945 N. High St.
Columbus, OH 43210-1172
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Richard Percy

Capital University - School of Management ( email )

2199 E. Main Street
Columbus, OH 43209-2394
United States

Teresa Schoellner

Ohio State University

2100 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH OH 43210
United States

Bruce A. Weinberg

Ohio State University (OSU) - Economics ( email )

410 Arps Hall
1945 N. High St.
Columbus, OH 43210-1172
United States
614-292-6701 (Phone)
614-292-3906 (Fax)

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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