Fighting Against Malaria: Prevent Wars While Waiting for the Miraculous Vaccine

UPF Economics and Business Working Paper No. 766

38 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2004

See all articles by José García Montalvo

José García Montalvo

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences

Marta Reynal-Querol

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: April 2004

Abstract

The World Health Organization estimates that 300 million clinical cases of malaria occur annually and also observed that during the 80's and part of the 90's its incidence increased noticably. There are basically two factors behind the incidence of malaria: 'geographical destiny' and socio-economic conditions. In this paper we explore the influence of civil wars and war refugees on the incidence of malaria in the refugee-receiving countries, using a large panel data. The panel structure helps to separate 'geographical destiny' from social conditions. The results of the estimation show that for each 1,000 refugees there are between 2,000 and 2,700 cases of malaria in the refugee receiving country. The average economic impact of those refugees taken in a sample of African countries reaches 3.6% of the income of 1995.

Keywords: Civil wars, forced migration, economic impact

JEL Classification: I18, I31, O15

Suggested Citation

García Montalvo, José and Reynal-Querol, Marta, Fighting Against Malaria: Prevent Wars While Waiting for the Miraculous Vaccine (April 2004). UPF Economics and Business Working Paper No. 766, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=563856 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.563856

José García Montalvo (Contact Author)

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain

Marta Reynal-Querol

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
93 5422590 (Phone)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-7891 (Phone)

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