Politicians' Motivation, Political Culture, and Electoral Competition
44 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2004
Date Written: June 2004
We study electoral competition among politicians who are heterogeneous both in competence and in how much they care about (what they perceive as) the public interest relative to the private rents from being in office. We show that politicians' incentives to behave opportunistically increase with politicians' pay and with polarization of policy preferences. Moreover, politicians may have stronger incentives to behave opportunistically if other politicians are more likely to behave opportunistically. A political culture may therefore be self-reinforcing and multiple equilibria may arise. Lastly, we show that the mere probability that politicians care about the public interest enables opportunistic politicians to damage the reputation of their competitors. Consequently, efficient policies may be reversed.
Keywords: Politicians' motivation, politicians' pay, political culture, electoral competition, coalition governments, reputation bashing
JEL Classification: D72, D78
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation