Equity Market Linkage and Multinational Trade Accords: The Case of NAFTA
31 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2004
This paper examines the impact of multinational trade accords on the degree of stock market linkage using NAFTA as a case study. Besides liberalizing trade among the U.S., Canada and Mexico, NAFTA has also sought to strengthen linkage among stock markets of these countries. If successful, this could lessen the appeal of asset diversification across the North American region and promote a higher degree of market efficiency. We assess the possible impact of NAFTA on market linkage using cross correlations, multivariate price cointegrating systems, speed of convergence, and generalized variance decompositions of unexpected stock returns. The evidence proves robust and consistently indicates intensified equity market linkage since the NAFTA accord. The results also suggest that interdependent goods markets in the region are a primary reason behind the stronger equity market linkage observed in the post-NAFTA period.
Keywords: NAFTA, equity market linkage, cointegration, speed of convergence, long-run price equilibrium; generalized variance decompositions
JEL Classification: F36, F15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation