Efficiency, Environmental Contaminants and Farm Size: Testing for Links Using Stochastic Production Frontiers
Journal of Applied Economics, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 337-356, November 1999
Posted: 15 Jun 2004
This paper investigates whether there is any relationship between farm size, technical efficiency and the use of agrochemicals which are potentially environmentally contaminating. These questions are pertinent in the context of current EU policy decisions. Using two models of stochastic frontier production and a set of panel data on 35 farms from the South West of England for the years 1987-1991, we obtain an indication, that there is a positive relationship between technical efficiency and use of contaminants, and between technical efficiency and farm size. However, there is a weak negative relationship between farm size and use of contaminants.
Keywords: Frontier production, technical efficiency, panel data, environment, farm size
JEL Classification: C23, C24, D24, Q12
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