Rural Poverty and Fuelwood Consumption: Evidence from Labagoumen Township (China)
31 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2004 Last revised: 24 Jan 2010
Date Written: October 30, 2007
This paper discusses the determinants of firewood consumption in a poor township in rural Northern China, with a special focus on the relationship between households’ economic wealth and fuelwood consumption. We find strong support for the poverty-environment hypothesis since household economic wealth is a significant and negative determinant of fuelwood consumption. Fuelwood can therefore be considered as an inferior good for the whole population in the rural area under study, although further evidence shows that at the top of the wealth distribution, there might be some floor effect in the decreasing fuelwood consumption. Besides economic wealth, our analysis also shows that the price effect is important in explaining firewood consumption behaviours, the price effect gaining importance with rising incomes. Finally, market access, increasing education and off-farm work are also found to be key factors in the energy consumption behaviours, especially when dealing with energy source switching behaviours.
Note: Downloadable document is in French.
Keywords: firewood consumption, poverty, natural resources protection, China
JEL Classification: Q23, Q28, I31, O12, C3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation