The Kalai-Smorodinsky Solution in Labor-Market Negotiations
30 Pages Posted: 11 Jun 2003
Date Written: May 2003
Authors who consider efficient bargaining on the labor market predominantly focus on the Nash-bargaining solution. It seems, however, that actual labor market negotiations between an employers' federation and a labor union are often characterized by mutual concessions, which may be accounted for by an application of the Kalai-Smorodinsky solution to labor-market negotiations. Correspondingly, we investigate how a government can influence the equilibrium on the labor market by changing the reservation wage when the equilibrium is determined by the Kalai-Smorodinsky solution. We find that the induced employment effects may differ substantially when compared with the Nash bargaining solution. Hence, substituting the Kalai-Smorodinsky by the Nash bargaining solution is not innocuous, when actual negotiations are characterized by mutual incremental concessions.
Keywords: Labor Market Negotiations, Kalai-Smorodinsky Solution, Nash-bargaining Solution, Reservation Wage, Fiscal and Social Policies
JEL Classification: C78, H39, H55, J40, J51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation