Alcohol Abuse and Suicide Attempts Among Youth - Correlation or Causation?

36 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2003 Last revised: 3 May 2021

See all articles by Pinka Chatterji

Pinka Chatterji

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Dhaval Dave

Bentley University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - NY Office

Robert Kaestner

University of Chicago; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Sara Markowitz

Emory University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: April 2003

Abstract

This study uses the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) and the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) to explore the causal relationship between alcohol abuse (binge drinking and clinically defined alcohol use disorders) and suicide attempts among youth. We use an empirical approach that allows one to assess the existence and strength of a causal relationship without relying on identifying assumptions. Our results suggest that a causal relationship between binge drinking and suicide attempts is very unlikely. The findings, however, support a causal relationship between clinically defined alcohol use disorders and suicide attempts among girls.

Suggested Citation

Chatterji, Pinka and Dave, Dhaval and Kaestner, Robert and Markowitz, Sara, Alcohol Abuse and Suicide Attempts Among Youth - Correlation or Causation? (April 2003). NBER Working Paper No. w9638, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=398542

Pinka Chatterji (Contact Author)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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Dhaval Dave

Bentley University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Waltham, MA 02452-4705
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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - NY Office

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Robert Kaestner

University of Chicago ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Sara Markowitz

Emory University ( email )

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United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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