The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis and Black Youth Joblessness: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area

JOURNAL OF URBAN ECONOMICS

Posted: 7 May 1997

See all articles by Steven P. Raphael

Steven P. Raphael

University of California, Berkeley

Abstract

This paper presents an employment-based measure of intra- metropolitan accessibility to employment opportunities that provides strong evidence supporting the spatial mismatch hypothesis. The measure is based on intra-metropolitan variation in net employment growth rather than spatial variation in employment levels. The principal spatial disadvantage suffered by black male youths is their residence in areas of weak or negative employment growth. In pooled employment regressions, differential accessibility explains 30 to 50 percent of the neighborhood employment rate differential between white and black male Bay Area youths. In separate employment regressions by race, approximately one- fifth of the differential is attributable to differential access.

JEL Classification: J15, J41, R12

Suggested Citation

Raphael, Steven P., The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis and Black Youth Joblessness: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area. JOURNAL OF URBAN ECONOMICS, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3938

Steven P. Raphael (Contact Author)

University of California, Berkeley ( email )

310 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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