EU Enlargement and Immigration

Posted: 8 Apr 2003

See all articles by Margit Kraus

Margit Kraus

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research

Robert Schwager

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW); University of Magdeburg

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Abstract

This paper assesses the consequences of EU enlargement for East West migration. It is argued that expectations on future economic, social and political variables are crucial for immediate immigration. Specifically, if EU membership is refused, fear of future restrictions on immigration will lead to increased current migration. Moreover, EU accession is likely to reduce income gaps between the accession countries and the current member states reducing the incentives to emigrate. We conclude that granting EU accession to Eastern European countries will not necessarily induce massive East-West migration flows.

Keywords: Europe, Migration, Uncertainty, Enlargement

JEL Classification: F22, J61

Suggested Citation

Kraus, Margit and Schwager, Robert, EU Enlargement and Immigration. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=393740

Margit Kraus (Contact Author)

ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1 D-68161 Mannheim
Germany
+49 621 1235 163 (Phone)
+49 621 1235 215 (Fax)

Robert Schwager

Center for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1 D-68161 Mannheim
Germany
00 49 621 1235160 (Phone)
00 49 621 1235215 (Fax)

University of Magdeburg

Universitätspl. 2
PSF 4120
Magdeburg, D-39106
Germany

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