Is Innovation Really in a Place? Accelerator Program Impacts on Firm Performance

39 Pages Posted: 7 Jul 2021

See all articles by Sheharyar Bokhari

Sheharyar Bokhari

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Andrea Chegut

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Dennis Frenchman

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Center for Real Estate

Isabel Tausendschoen

University of Graz

Date Written: July 6, 2021

Abstract

We investigate the impact of an entrepreneurial amenity for urban agglomeration, accelerator programs, upon start-up firm’s private equity performance. Accelerators are firm development programs that utilize physical space, human capital development programming, mentorship, financial capital, and community engagement to accelerate the financial feasibility of start-up firms. A sample of US accelerator treated and matched control firm’s over the 2005 to 2015 period yields a study of 16,720 firms. Results indicate that there is statistically significantly more cumulative funding for accelerated firms, when taking into consideration the endogenous choice and selection of start-up firms into programs and series stage in cumulative funding. Secondly, we assess variation across accelerator participation timing and find that firms with pre-funding when coming into an accelerator leads to higher cumulative funding. Lastly, we document accelerator program’s ability to cultivate agglomeration through space and programming amenities like free physical space, program length, program cohort size, investor equity stake and scale of capital injection impacts upon cumulative funding. This study supports evidence of correlation between start-up firm performance and accelerator program amenities. Accelerators can have significant impact on the life-long health of young private-equity firms and can be considered as a public and private tool to create economic growth post-Covid-19.

Suggested Citation

Bokhari, Sheharyar and Chegut, Andrea and Frenchman, Dennis and Tausendschoen, Isabel, Is Innovation Really in a Place? Accelerator Program Impacts on Firm Performance (July 6, 2021). MIT Center for Real Estate Research Paper No. 21/13, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3881997 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3881997

Sheharyar Bokhari (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Andrea Chegut

Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://web.mit.edu

Dennis Frenchman

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Center for Real Estate ( email )

United States

Isabel Tausendschoen

University of Graz ( email )

Universitaetsstrasse 15 / FE
A-8010 Graz, 8010
Austria

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