Efficiency Sorting in Foreign Affiliates: Evidence from China
The World Economy, 2015, 38: 568-581
Posted: 18 May 2021
Date Written: 2015
This paper uses a large micro-level data set to investigate the efficiency sorting pattern of foreign affiliates serving different markets. We find systematic differences among the attributes of foreign affiliates serving the local and overseas markets. Affiliates serving only the host country market are the most productive, the most capital-intensive and the most skill-intensive. Affiliates serving only the international market are the most unskilled and labor-intensive, the least efficient, pay the lowest wages and invest least in innovation and advertising. Affiliates serving both markets offer high wages and invest most in innovation and advertising. The results also suggest that the most productive affiliates choose to serve the host country market, whereas the least efficient affiliates target the international market.
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