A Mayor's Perspective on Tackling Air Pollution

34 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2021

See all articles by Shihe Fu

Shihe Fu

Xiamen University - The Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE)

V. Brian Viard

Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business

Date Written: April 27, 2021

Abstract

Abstract
We review recent empirical economic studies on urban ambient air pollution from a mayor’s perspective. We discuss the sources of urban air pollution, the economic costs that it imposes, and the policy tools available to a mayor to alleviate it. For economic costs, we briefly summarize traditional estimates of health and mortality costs and focus on more recent evidence on mental and psychological health, labor productivity and supply, avoidance behavior, willingness to pay for clean air and long-term (multi-decade) impacts. The policy tools we evaluate include pollution information disclosure, auto license and driving restrictions, congestion tolls, public transit investments, emission standards and controls, and gasoline taxes. We also discuss challenges posed by transboundary pollution across cities and the extent to which mayors’ incentives encourage tackling air pollution under different political systems. We briefly discuss possible future research agendas.

Keywords: urban air pollution, environmental costs and benefits, urban public policy, environmental policies, incentives

JEL Classification: H23, H75, O18, Q51, Q52

Suggested Citation

Fu, Shihe and Viard, V. Brian, A Mayor's Perspective on Tackling Air Pollution (April 27, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3835701 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3835701

Shihe Fu

Xiamen University - The Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE) ( email )

A 307, Economics Building
Xiamen, Fujian 361005
China

V. Brian Viard (Contact Author)

Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business ( email )

Oriental Plaza, Tower E3
One East Chang An Avenue
Beijing, 100738
China
86-10-8518-8858 (Phone)
86-10-8518-6800 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://english.ckgsb.edu.cn/faculty_content/brian-viard

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
30
Abstract Views
176
PlumX Metrics