A Glimpse of Freedom: Allied Occupation and Political Resistance in East Germany

72 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2021

See all articles by Luis R. Martinez

Luis R. Martinez

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Jonas Jessen

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); Free University Berlin

Guo Xu

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 19, 2021

Abstract

This paper exploits the idiosyncratic line of contact separating Allied and Soviet troops within East Germany at the end of WWII to study political resistance in a non-democracy. When Nazi Germany surrendered, 40% of what would become the authoritarian German Democratic Republic was initially under Allied control but was ceded to Soviet control less than two months later. Brief Allied exposure increased protests during the major 1953 uprising. We use novel data on the appointment of local mayors and a retrospective survey to argue that even a \glimpse of freedom" can foster civilian opposition to dictatorship.

Suggested Citation

Martinez, Luis and Jessen, Jonas and Xu, Guo, A Glimpse of Freedom: Allied Occupation and Political Resistance in East Germany (April 19, 2021). University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper No. 2021-49, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3830614 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3830614

Luis Martinez (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Jonas Jessen

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstr
58
Berlin
Germany

Free University Berlin ( email )

Germany

Guo Xu

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business ( email )

545 Student Services Building, #1900
2220 Piedmont Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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