Elderly Coresidence and Son Preference: Can Pension Reforms Solve the ‘Missing Women’ Problem?

64 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2021

See all articles by Avraham Ebenstein

Avraham Ebenstein

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 19, 2021

Abstract

In this paper, I examine the relationship between patrilocal norms that dictate elderly coresidence between parents and sons, and the sex ratio at birth. I argue that concerns over old age support are critical in explaining excess mortality among daughters. First, I demonstrate that sex ratios and coresidence rates are positively correlated when looking across countries, within countries across districts, and within districts across ethnic groups. Second, in a series of case studies where I exploit natural experiments, I find that sex ratios decline in response to expansions in the availability of pensions but increase when pensions become less reliable.

Keywords: sex ratios, son preference, pensions, coresidence

JEL Classification: J13, J16, H55

Suggested Citation

Ebenstein, Avraham, Elderly Coresidence and Son Preference: Can Pension Reforms Solve the ‘Missing Women’ Problem? (April 19, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3829866 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3829866

Avraham Ebenstein (Contact Author)

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

Israel

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