Surviving a Mass Shooting

28 Pages Posted: 5 Apr 2021 Last revised: 10 Apr 2021

See all articles by Prashant Bharadwaj

Prashant Bharadwaj

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics

Manudeep Bhuller

University of Oslo - Department of Economics; Statistics Norway

Katrine Vellesen Løken

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Mirjam Wentzel

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)

Date Written: April 2021

Abstract

We use data on all middle and high school-aged children who survived a mass shooting incident on July 22, 2011 in Utøya, Norway, to understand how such events affect survivors, their families, and their peers. Using a difference-in-differences design to compare survivors to a matched control group, we find that in the short run children who survive have substantially lower GPA (nearly 0.5 SD), increased health visits, and more mental health diagnoses (nearly 400% increase). In the medium run, survivors have fewer years of schooling completed and lower labor force participation. Parents and siblings of survivors are also impacted, experiencing substantial increases in doctor visits and mental health diagnoses. However, there appear to be limited impacts on school-aged peers of survivors. While this event affected the entire country, we show that survivors and their families bear significant costs despite robust social safety nets and universal access to healthcare.

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Suggested Citation

Bharadwaj, Prashant and Bhuller, Manudeep and Løken, Katrine Vellesen and Wentzel, Mirjam, Surviving a Mass Shooting (April 2021). NBER Working Paper No. w28642, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3819545

Prashant Bharadwaj (Contact Author)

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0508
United States

Manudeep Bhuller

University of Oslo - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 1095 Blindern
N-0317 Oslo
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/manudeepbhuller

Statistics Norway ( email )

N-0033 Oslo
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/manudeepbhuller

Katrine Vellesen Løken

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

Mirjam Wentzel

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

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