Dementia and Disadvantage in the United States and England

18 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2021

See all articles by Karolos Arapakis

Karolos Arapakis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Eric J. Brunner

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Eric French

Department of Economics; Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

Jeremy McCauley

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March 2021

Abstract

We compare dementia prevalence and how it varies by socioeconomic status (SES) across the United States and England. We compare between country differences in age-gender standardized dementia prevalence, across the SES gradient. Dementia prevalence was estimated in each country using an algorithm based on an identical battery of demographic, cognitive, and functional measures. Dementia prevalence is higher among the disadvantaged in both countries, with the United States being more unequal according to four measures of SES. Once past health factors and education were controlled for, most of the within country inequalities disappeared; however, the cross-country difference in prevalence for those in lowest income decile remained disproportionately high. This provides evidence that disadvantage in the United States is a disproportionately high risk factor for dementia.

JEL Classification: I14, I32

Suggested Citation

Arapakis, Karolos and Brunner, Eric J. and French, Eric and McCauley, Jeremy, Dementia and Disadvantage in the United States and England (March 2021). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP15974, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3816859

Karolos Arapakis (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Eric J. Brunner

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Eric French

Department of Economics ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) ( email )

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

Jeremy McCauley

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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