Guns, Arms Trade and Transnational Crime in Africa
The Palgrave Handbook of Small Arms and Conflicts in Africa. Palgrave-Macmillan 2021
Posted: 13 Apr 2021
Date Written: 2021
This work is a comprehensive analysis of transnational crime and small arms and light weapons (SALWs) in Africa. It shows the different ways that transnational crime has contributed to socio-economic and political instability on the continent. The work discovers that there is a crucial linkage between transnational crime, SALWs and the occurrence of frequent conflicts on the continent. It uses qualitative research methodology, which involves the extensive collection, collation, and analysis of secondary data, to capture the essence and scope of the impacts of SALWs on the growth and spread of transnational crime on the continent. The author argues that transnational crimes in Africa are caused by factors such as relative deprivation and poverty, the pull and push effects of market forces of demand and supply, and globalization which have aided the unrestricted movements of illicit goods across borders. Additionally, the work identifies the various forms of transnational crimes on the continent such as drug trafficking, maritime piracy and stolen vehicle trafficking. Using relevant data, it shows how SALWs have encouraged and enabled the commission of these crimes. In its final submissions, the work argues that governments will have to use targeted measures that will include extensive inter-agency collaboration among states and the strengthening of existing local legislations to effectively tackle transnational crime on the continent.
Keywords: Transnational crimes, Africa, Arms trade, SALWs, Weapons, Drug trafficking
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